Thrivous Nootropics for Cognitive Enhancement

Are you living in worlds without end?

As recently reported by the Register and Slashdot, the United States military is using powerful computers to run increasingly detailed simulations of our world. While this is interesting for many reasons, it may be yet more thought-provoking when one considers this in context of the Simulation Argument.

John Huntsman Increases Support for Cancer Research in Salt Lake City

As reported in the Salt Lake Tribune, John Huntsman plans to donate to the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah a substantial portion of the $1.5 billion he will receive from the sale of Huntsman Corporation. The institute plans to use the donation to recruit top scientists and expand facilities.

As we look toward a future of increasing longevity, it is sad to see so many lives cut short by cancer. Most of us have friends and family members that have had cancer, or have had it ourselves. My own father died at age 48 from his third bout with cancer, and my younger sister has already dealt with cancer at age 28.

It's time to put an end to cancer. Thank you, John Huntsman, for your contribution.

Diversity through Empowerment

Some have suggested that human empowerment over physical appearance will decrease diversity. For example, see a recent blog entry by Wesley Smith, in which he claims that "the drive to genetically enhance, contrary to the utilitarian presumptions of the transhumanists, would mean the end of true diversity". Smith appeals to the physique of Brad Pitt and esthetic tyranny among teenagers as evidences for his claim.

While I agree that the future will probably include more than a few Brad Pitt look-alikes, and that peer-pressure will remain a factor, I see no compelling evidence for the idea that esthetic diversity decreases as esthetic empowerment increases. To the contrary, the evidence suggests to me that diversity increases with empowerment. An excellent example of this is the virtual world of Second Life, where there is extraordinary diversity in avatar appearance, despite users' empowerment to appear exactly like each other, if desired.

Beyond esthetics, the same principle seems to apply to ethics: as ethical power increases, so does ethical diversity. Consider, for example, the consequence of democratic governments. While certainly imposing limits on the ethical power of their sub-communities and individuals, democracies have provided a degree of ethical empowerment never before seen in human history. The democratic states no longer impose the more rigorous ethical constraints of religious systems on their citizens, yet their citizens have not become uniformly hedonistic or nihilistic, as some might have supposed. To the contrary, these states harbor numerous religions with diverse perspectives on the morality of numerous matters, as well as non-religious and anti-religious persons, whose lack of religion generally does not correspond to a lack of ethics, which further increases the diversity of the overall system.

We could go further. Imagine the diversity of worlds awaiting those with increasing epistemic and ontological empowerment!

Of course, as diversity increases, so does the complexity of communication and, more importantly, compassion. For most of us, it is easier to interact with and care for those who are more like us. This is reflected in the religious wars, racism and sexism of human history, and is something with which we continue to struggle today. No less today than in the past do we need this message from the Book of Mormon:

"[God] doeth not anything save it be for the benefit of the world; for he loveth the world, even that he layeth down his own life that he may draw all men unto him. Wherefore, he commandeth none that they shall not partake of his salvation. Behold, doth he cry unto any, saying: Depart from me? Behold, I say unto you, Nay; but he saith: Come unto me all ye ends of the earth, buy milk and honey, without money and without price. Behold, hath he commanded any that they should depart out of the synagogues, or out of the houses of worship? Behold, I say unto you, Nay. Hath he commanded any that they should not partake of his salvation? Behold I say unto you, Nay; but he hath given it free for all men; and he hath commanded his people that they should persuade all men to repentance. Behold, hath the Lord commanded any that they should not partake of his goodness? Behold I say unto you, Nay; but all men are privileged the one like unto the other, and none are forbidden . . . the Lord God hath given a commandment that all men should have charity, which charity is love. And except they should have charity they were nothing . . . and he inviteth them all to come unto him and partake of his goodness; and he denieth none that come unto him, black and white, bond and free, male and female; and he remembereth the heathen; and all are alike unto God, both Jew and Gentile." (Book of Mormon, 2 Nephi 26: 24-28, 30, 33)

Engines of Creation by Eric Drexler

I recently finished reading Engines of Creation, written by Eric Drexler in the mid 1980s. This is perhaps the most influential book ever written about nanotechnology, and is also an enjoyable read.
Lincoln Cannon
New God Argument
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Thrivous Nootropics for Cognitive Enhancement
Thrivous Nootropics for Cognitive Enhancement